Interventional Radiology (IR) refers to a range of techniques that rely on the use of radiological image guidance (X-ray fluoroscopy, ultrasound, computed tomography [CT], or magnetic resonance imaging.
The visualisation backing IR uses the least-invasive techniques to minimise risk and attain positive health outcomes. The department consists of specialists that perform procedures that have a faster recovery as opposed to open surgery.
The purpose of using interventional radiology is to diagnose and treat patients using the least invasive techniques so the risk is minimised and the overall health of the patient improves. The range of Interventional radiology techniques is divided into two main types of procedures such as diagnostic and therapeutic disciplines. A diagnostic procedure uses anatomical images to either precisely direct an abnormality biopsy, such as a cancerous tumour, or to insert a radiopaque agent to image a hollow structure, such as a blood vessel or canal. A therapeutic procedure such as stents, laser treatment, or clotting agents, specifically targets an abnormality
As technology advances and high-quality imaging equipment becomes more widely available, interventional radiology will provide patients and referral specialists with a plethora of new treatment options.
The advantages of interventional radiology are: