Common Health Issues During Monsoon and Effective Strategies to Combat Them

02 July 2023
Monsoon brings relief from the scorching summer heat but also invites a host of health challenges. The increased humidity and stagnant water during this season create favorable conditions for the growth and spread of bacteria, viruses and insects. In this blog, we will explore the most common health issues faced during monsoon and discuss effective strategies to combat them, ensuring a healthy and enjoyable rainy season.

Viral Infections

Dengue Fever

Dengue is a mosquito-borne viral infection characterised by high fever, severe body pain, headache and rash. Preventive measures include
  • Using mosquito repellents and mosquito nets.
  • Eliminating stagnant water around your surroundings.
  • Wearing protective clothing such as long sleeves and pants.
  • Seeking medical attention if symptoms appear.

Influenza and Common Cold

The monsoon season is notorious for respiratory infections. To minimise the risk
  • Maintain good personal hygiene, including frequent handwashing.
  • Avoid crowded places and close contact with infected individuals.
  • Boost your immune system with a healthy diet, exercise and adequate rest.

Waterborne Diseases

Gastrointestinal Infections

Contaminated water and food can lead to illnesses like diarrhoea, cholera and typhoid. Preventive measures include:
  • Drinking clean, boiled water or purified water from reliable sources.
  • Consuming freshly cooked and hot meals.
  • Avoiding street food and unhygienic eateries.
  • Washing fruits and vegetables thoroughly before consumption

Hepatitis A

Hepatitis A is a viral infection transmitted through contaminated food and water. Protect yourself by:
  • Getting vaccinated against hepatitis A.
  • Practising good hygiene, including handwashing and proper sanitation.

Fungal Infections

Skin Infections

Increased humidity and dampness during monsoon can lead to fungal infections like ringworm, athlete's foot and fungal nail infections. Preventive measures include:
  • Keeping the skin clean and dry.
  • Wearing clean, breathable clothing.
  • Avoiding sharing personal items.
  • Using antifungal powders or creams as recommended by a doctor.

Respiratory Allergie

The growth of mould and mildew in damp environments can trigger allergies and respiratory issues. Combat these by:
  • Keeping living spaces well-ventilated and dry.
  • Regularly cleaning and maintaining good hygiene indoors.
  • Avoiding exposure to damp areas and rain.


Leptospirosis is a bacterial infection transmitted through contact with contaminated water or soil. To prevent it:
  • Avoid wading or swimming in potentially contaminated water.
  • Wear protective clothing and footwear in areas prone to contamination.
  • Maintain good personal hygiene, especially washing hands and feet thoroughly after outdoor activities.

Eye Infections


Conjunctivitis or "pink eye" is common during monsoon due to increased humidity and bacterial or viral infections. Preventive measures include:
  • Avoid touching the eyes with dirty hands.
  • Practising good hygiene, such as washing hands frequently.
  • Avoid sharing towels and personal items.
  • Seeking medical attention if symptoms of redness, itching, or discharge occur.
While monsoon brings respite from the summer heat, it also poses specific health risks. By adopting preventive measures and practising good personal hygiene, you can minimise the chances of falling prey to common monsoon ailments. Remember to stay vigilant, seek medical attention when necessary and prioritise your health during this season. Embrace the beauty of the rainy season while ensuring your well-being
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© Chinmaya Mission Hospital . All rights reserved.