In India, where malnutrition and undernutrition are still prevalent, the importance of good nutrition cannot be overstated. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 51% of Indian women suffer from anaemia and 22% of children under the age of five are underweight. These statistics highlight the urgent need for a focus on nutrition in Indian healthcare.
Good nutrition has been shown to be effective in the prevention and management of chronic diseases such as diabetes, hypertension and heart disease, which are on the rise in India. A balanced diet that includes a variety of foods from all food groups is essential for optimal health. In addition, traditional Indian foods, such as turmeric and ginger, have been found to have medicinal properties and can be used to treat various health conditions.
One of the most significant challenges in ensuring good nutrition in India is the lack of awareness and education about healthy eating habits. Many people, especially those from lower socioeconomic backgrounds, are not aware of the importance of a balanced diet and the impact of an unhealthy diet on their health.
The Indian government has recognized the importance of good nutrition in healthcare and has taken several measures to address the issue. One of the most significant steps taken by the government is the introduction of the National Nutrition Mission (NNM) in 2018. The NNM aims to reduce underweight and low birth weight by 2% each year and reduce anaemia among women and children by 3% each year until 2022.
The government has also launched several other initiatives, such as the POSHAN Abhiyaan, which focuses on the prevention of malnutrition and the Eat Right India movement, which aims to promote healthy eating habits.